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Research Project Report

Research Project Report 상세보기
A Study on the Supply Chain Management of Dangerous Containers at Ports
Writer 최고관리자 Date 2019-03-05
Report No. 2018-15 Research Manager Na Young Hwan, Choi

▸ After studying domestic and foreign regulations of dangerous goods and the current status of laws and systems relevant to transportation, subjects applied by international regulations turned out to be different from those applied by domestic laws.
- International regulations have consistently applied relevant laws and systems as well as classification systems. However, in Korea, competent authorities are scattered by kinds of dangerous goods or transportation modes
▸ The study carried out a status survey in the fields and an in-depth interview with safety managers, thus drawing problems under the supply chain of dangerous containers.
- (Ports) The following problems were identified; the lack of consistency in managing dangerous goods, unclear timing for the application of domestic laws when dangerous goods are shipped, on-site deployment of safety supervisors, qualification standards of safety managers, the lack of effective training, and problems found in exclusive container yards, classification and statistics of dangerous goods.
- (Roads) As competent authorities are scattered, there is a lack of consistency in managing dangerous goods. In addition, problems of granting permission to chemical materials were identified.
- (Railways) The following problems were identified; different regulations applied between trains (international laws) and container yards (domestic laws), the absence of educational programs for drivers and operators, the absence of qualification of train operators for handling dangerous goods, the lack of CYs for dangerous goods and the absence of consistent information systems.
- (Supply chain) This study identified the problems as follows; a poorly established system of consultation and cooperation, the lack of control tower in case of responding to accidents, the short of qualifications, education and training in relevant to transporting dangerous goods, increasing load of railways, roads and warehouses resulting from direct carriage from ports and the absence of a comprehensive system.
▸ Major foreign ports have established a consistent and systematic system for managing dangerous goods.
- International laws take priority over domestic laws in terms of regulating dangerous goods
- All workers within ports are subject to safety training relevant to dangerous goods.
- Foreign ports have established information and monitoring systems for dangerous goods. The port of Singapore, in particular, has operated a comprehensive information system for dangerous goods under the supply chain.
▸ afety management plans were produced under the supply chain of dangerous containers.
- (Labor management) Suggested plans are as follows; introducing a new position of safety engineer and certificate system, increasing the number of safety managers and deploying safety managers solely responsible for dangerous goods, restructuring educational programs of safety managers, mandating initial educational course for those handling dangerous goods, and conducting a chemical disaster response drill.
- (Equipment and facilities) The study suggested the installment of class-based yards for dangerous containers and comprehensive exclusive container yards, while providing specific size and deployment plans for each plan.
- (Information system) Suggested plans are as follows; unifying the classification system of dangerous goods for transportation sector including ports (complying with international regulations), improving information system of dangerous goods and adopting a real-time monitoring system.
- (Connection under the supply chain of dangerous goods containers) The study presented the following measures; a comprehensive management measures throughout the whole transportation process of importing and exporting dangerous containers, measures to strengthen a cooperation system between relevant departments, and ways to promote the safety of dangerous containers from the perspective of the supply chain and increase the effectiveness of logistics.
▸ The study discusses limitations while suggesting plans for implementation
- Although the study focuses its analysis on the management of importing and exporting dangerous goods at ports, air and airport terminals were out of the scope.
- With regard to road and railway transportation, in-depth interview was conducted to representative institutions since relevant stakeholders are too broad
- In suggesting measures to manage exclusive stacking yards for dangerous containers, there were limitations in collecting statistical data and internal data of terminal operators. Therefore, the analysis was limited to Busan port.
- Empirical analysis was not conducted per specific processes to secure the safety of dangerous containers and the effectiveness of logistics from the perspective of the supply chain.
- Fire extinguishing facilities and equipment are an important part of facilities and equipment of dangerous containers. However, these subjects were exempted from the present study due to the absence of technological expertise.
- Further studies should expand the scope to airports, while including logistics centers, manufacturing companies and logistic companies as a target for survey, coming up with measures connecting with the supply chain.
- In addition, it is necessary to push forward empirical analysis by securing specific data. Such data should include transportation information of dangerous goods per transportation mode and material, the current status of transportation and schedules, the status of container yards and warehouses of dangerous containers per route, and waiting time
- It is necessary to conduct an effective study by securing the following data; specific data of dangerous containers for coming up with improvement measures of exclusive stacking yards for dangerous containers, the size of stacking yards for dangerous goods per terminal and conditions of hinterlands at new ports

Research Project Report 상세보기
A Study on the Supply Chain Management of Dangerous Containers at Ports
Report No. 2018-15 Research Manager Na Young Hwan, Choi

▸ After studying domestic and foreign regulations of dangerous goods and the current status of laws and systems relevant to transportation, subjects applied by international regulations turned out to be different from those applied by domestic laws.
- International regulations have consistently applied relevant laws and systems as well as classification systems. However, in Korea, competent authorities are scattered by kinds of dangerous goods or transportation modes
▸ The study carried out a status survey in the fields and an in-depth interview with safety managers, thus drawing problems under the supply chain of dangerous containers.
- (Ports) The following problems were identified; the lack of consistency in managing dangerous goods, unclear timing for the application of domestic laws when dangerous goods are shipped, on-site deployment of safety supervisors, qualification standards of safety managers, the lack of effective training, and problems found in exclusive container yards, classification and statistics of dangerous goods.
- (Roads) As competent authorities are scattered, there is a lack of consistency in managing dangerous goods. In addition, problems of granting permission to chemical materials were identified.
- (Railways) The following problems were identified; different regulations applied between trains (international laws) and container yards (domestic laws), the absence of educational programs for drivers and operators, the absence of qualification of train operators for handling dangerous goods, the lack of CYs for dangerous goods and the absence of consistent information systems.
- (Supply chain) This study identified the problems as follows; a poorly established system of consultation and cooperation, the lack of control tower in case of responding to accidents, the short of qualifications, education and training in relevant to transporting dangerous goods, increasing load of railways, roads and warehouses resulting from direct carriage from ports and the absence of a comprehensive system.
▸ Major foreign ports have established a consistent and systematic system for managing dangerous goods.
- International laws take priority over domestic laws in terms of regulating dangerous goods
- All workers within ports are subject to safety training relevant to dangerous goods.
- Foreign ports have established information and monitoring systems for dangerous goods. The port of Singapore, in particular, has operated a comprehensive information system for dangerous goods under the supply chain.
▸ afety management plans were produced under the supply chain of dangerous containers.
- (Labor management) Suggested plans are as follows; introducing a new position of safety engineer and certificate system, increasing the number of safety managers and deploying safety managers solely responsible for dangerous goods, restructuring educational programs of safety managers, mandating initial educational course for those handling dangerous goods, and conducting a chemical disaster response drill.
- (Equipment and facilities) The study suggested the installment of class-based yards for dangerous containers and comprehensive exclusive container yards, while providing specific size and deployment plans for each plan.
- (Information system) Suggested plans are as follows; unifying the classification system of dangerous goods for transportation sector including ports (complying with international regulations), improving information system of dangerous goods and adopting a real-time monitoring system.
- (Connection under the supply chain of dangerous goods containers) The study presented the following measures; a comprehensive management measures throughout the whole transportation process of importing and exporting dangerous containers, measures to strengthen a cooperation system between relevant departments, and ways to promote the safety of dangerous containers from the perspective of the supply chain and increase the effectiveness of logistics.
▸ The study discusses limitations while suggesting plans for implementation
- Although the study focuses its analysis on the management of importing and exporting dangerous goods at ports, air and airport terminals were out of the scope.
- With regard to road and railway transportation, in-depth interview was conducted to representative institutions since relevant stakeholders are too broad
- In suggesting measures to manage exclusive stacking yards for dangerous containers, there were limitations in collecting statistical data and internal data of terminal operators. Therefore, the analysis was limited to Busan port.
- Empirical analysis was not conducted per specific processes to secure the safety of dangerous containers and the effectiveness of logistics from the perspective of the supply chain.
- Fire extinguishing facilities and equipment are an important part of facilities and equipment of dangerous containers. However, these subjects were exempted from the present study due to the absence of technological expertise.
- Further studies should expand the scope to airports, while including logistics centers, manufacturing companies and logistic companies as a target for survey, coming up with measures connecting with the supply chain.
- In addition, it is necessary to push forward empirical analysis by securing specific data. Such data should include transportation information of dangerous goods per transportation mode and material, the current status of transportation and schedules, the status of container yards and warehouses of dangerous containers per route, and waiting time
- It is necessary to conduct an effective study by securing the following data; specific data of dangerous containers for coming up with improvement measures of exclusive stacking yards for dangerous containers, the size of stacking yards for dangerous goods per terminal and conditions of hinterlands at new ports

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