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Research Project Report

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A Study on Global Competitiveness of Major Associated Industries in the Fisheries Industry
Report No. 2018-06 Research Manager Kyung Hee, Lim
File
▸ The necessity of promoting associated industries of the fisheries industry has ever increasing due to the following factors; global changes of demographic and social structure resulting from low birth rate and aging, the development of the aquaculture industry, raising the awareness of food security and the development of the leisure industry.
- An effective response to the environmental changes of domestic and foreign fisheries industry requires increasing the competitiveness of its associated industries, enhancing industrial characteristics. This could entail arranging the structure of the fisheries industry and raising the industry’s added value.
▸ Meanwhile, Korea’s fisheries industry is at the risk of losing its competitiveness due to the following factors; the lack of labor resulting from aging and decreasing fishery population, reducing fishery resources, deteriorating facilities and equipment, and market openness such as the FTA and so on.
- Associated industries of Korea’s fisheries industry have faced a number of limitations and problems. More specifically, the definition and scope of the industry are unclear due to the lack of legal foundation. The competitiveness of Korea’s equipment is quite low in the global market, while most equipment businesses are small in size. The dependency on fishery imports is increasing and the technological development is poor resulting from shrinking R&D investment. In addition, the interest towards fisheries industry is low while relevant policies and systems fall short at the national level.
▸ The aquaculture equipment industry is expected to grow due to the depletion of fishery resources, limitations of expanding the size of aquaculture and increasing the labor costs. However, the market is already dominated by several industries that have secured the scale, while certain market structures have deeply set in.
- In particular, the aquaculture feed market is already dominated by a few global leading companies that have already secured a certain scale such as Cargill. The aquaculture equipment industry, in which various demands exist, is already taken up by several industries dominating by continents (Asia/Pacific, Europe, South America, and the Middle east/Africa). Under the situation where networks are already established between industries, advancing into the market is not easy.
- On the other hand, Korea’s aquaculture equipment industry, which is led by small businesses, has maintained the supply chain centering on homegrown species (abalone, seaweed and flatfish). Since the industry is supplying to the limited market, there is a short of inducements for developing a new technology. The lack of financing capacity has prevented the industry from expanding. Although local small businesses need to establish a partnership with small businesses in other industries or foreign counterparts, relevant measures are not present.
▸ Meanwhile, the seafood processing equipment industry is witnessing a market growth as the consumption pattern has changed from products of raw fish to processed products. In particular, as the seafood processing industry has particularly developed in China, Vietnam and Russia, the consumption will increase centering on these countries.
- Despite a significant development from the past, Korea’s technology of the seafood processing equipment industry still remains at the 70% level compared to that of advanced countries, such as Germany and Japan. Furthermore, the technology gap between Korea and China, which has emerged as a new exporting country, has narrowed. Specific detailed can be found in Table 3-22.
- In summary, the global seafood processing equipment industry has maintained a continuous growth, raising Korea’s opportunity for exports. However, the low level of relevant technology and the growth of China as a new exporting county can serve as a stumbling block for Korea’s exports.
▸ Thanks to an increasing number of fishing contents from mass media, the fishing equipment industry is seeing a growing domestic market. However, the size of domestic market is still small and dwarfed by overseas fishing industry such as Japan, China and the US, thus most of the Korean fishing equipment businesses remain small
- The middle and high-end markets are saturated and dominated by leading companies. Moreover, the low-end market is witnessing a fierce competition resulting from Chinese products sold by peddlers, preventing new businesses from entering to the market.
- Since Korea has many small businesses in this industry, which makes it difficult to invest in R&D. Therefore, the level of relevant technology and expertise is on the decline. Even if a Korean business developed a technology on its own, the protection for its patents is not present, preventing from further development.
▸ Under the circumstance where the competitiveness of Korea’s fisheries related industry is not that strong both at home and abroad, the present study drew projects eligible for preferential support. For this purpose, the study made definitions and classification of associated industries given special classification system of the fisheries industry, while analyzing comparative advantage index utilizing trade data. In addition, it carried out IPA analysis and index analysis based on consultation with experts to suggest promotion strategies of the equipment industry.
- Above all, the basic directions of Korea’s fisheries related industry are 90% of localization rate for equipment and 10% of global market share. These goals can be established under the vision of simultaneous growth of domestic demand and export, while becoming a leading country in the global fisheries related industries. To achieve these goals and visions, basic directions are set for three industrial areas of infrastructure, products and networks respectively.
- There are short-, mid-, and long-term plans for promoting the fisheries related industries; the short term plan is to restructure the infrastructure for industrialization; the mid-term plan is to localize fishery equipment, and the long-term plan is to raise the national competitiveness of exports.
- The study presents measures to promote individual sectors of the industry as follows; the aquaculture equipment industry aims to promote domestic demand first and export later; the seafood processing equipment industry promotes a simultaneous growth of domestic demand and export and the fishing equipment industry should focus its growth on the export market. Through IPA analysis, it also suggested strategic products that should be promoted first.


Research Project Report 상세보기
A Study on Global Competitiveness of Major Associated Industries in the Fisheries Industry
Report No. 2018-06 Research Manager Kyung Hee, Lim
File
▸ The necessity of promoting associated industries of the fisheries industry has ever increasing due to the following factors; global changes of demographic and social structure resulting from low birth rate and aging, the development of the aquaculture industry, raising the awareness of food security and the development of the leisure industry.
- An effective response to the environmental changes of domestic and foreign fisheries industry requires increasing the competitiveness of its associated industries, enhancing industrial characteristics. This could entail arranging the structure of the fisheries industry and raising the industry’s added value.
▸ Meanwhile, Korea’s fisheries industry is at the risk of losing its competitiveness due to the following factors; the lack of labor resulting from aging and decreasing fishery population, reducing fishery resources, deteriorating facilities and equipment, and market openness such as the FTA and so on.
- Associated industries of Korea’s fisheries industry have faced a number of limitations and problems. More specifically, the definition and scope of the industry are unclear due to the lack of legal foundation. The competitiveness of Korea’s equipment is quite low in the global market, while most equipment businesses are small in size. The dependency on fishery imports is increasing and the technological development is poor resulting from shrinking R&D investment. In addition, the interest towards fisheries industry is low while relevant policies and systems fall short at the national level.
▸ The aquaculture equipment industry is expected to grow due to the depletion of fishery resources, limitations of expanding the size of aquaculture and increasing the labor costs. However, the market is already dominated by several industries that have secured the scale, while certain market structures have deeply set in.
- In particular, the aquaculture feed market is already dominated by a few global leading companies that have already secured a certain scale such as Cargill. The aquaculture equipment industry, in which various demands exist, is already taken up by several industries dominating by continents (Asia/Pacific, Europe, South America, and the Middle east/Africa). Under the situation where networks are already established between industries, advancing into the market is not easy.
- On the other hand, Korea’s aquaculture equipment industry, which is led by small businesses, has maintained the supply chain centering on homegrown species (abalone, seaweed and flatfish). Since the industry is supplying to the limited market, there is a short of inducements for developing a new technology. The lack of financing capacity has prevented the industry from expanding. Although local small businesses need to establish a partnership with small businesses in other industries or foreign counterparts, relevant measures are not present.
▸ Meanwhile, the seafood processing equipment industry is witnessing a market growth as the consumption pattern has changed from products of raw fish to processed products. In particular, as the seafood processing industry has particularly developed in China, Vietnam and Russia, the consumption will increase centering on these countries.
- Despite a significant development from the past, Korea’s technology of the seafood processing equipment industry still remains at the 70% level compared to that of advanced countries, such as Germany and Japan. Furthermore, the technology gap between Korea and China, which has emerged as a new exporting country, has narrowed. Specific detailed can be found in Table 3-22.
- In summary, the global seafood processing equipment industry has maintained a continuous growth, raising Korea’s opportunity for exports. However, the low level of relevant technology and the growth of China as a new exporting county can serve as a stumbling block for Korea’s exports.
▸ Thanks to an increasing number of fishing contents from mass media, the fishing equipment industry is seeing a growing domestic market. However, the size of domestic market is still small and dwarfed by overseas fishing industry such as Japan, China and the US, thus most of the Korean fishing equipment businesses remain small
- The middle and high-end markets are saturated and dominated by leading companies. Moreover, the low-end market is witnessing a fierce competition resulting from Chinese products sold by peddlers, preventing new businesses from entering to the market.
- Since Korea has many small businesses in this industry, which makes it difficult to invest in R&D. Therefore, the level of relevant technology and expertise is on the decline. Even if a Korean business developed a technology on its own, the protection for its patents is not present, preventing from further development.
▸ Under the circumstance where the competitiveness of Korea’s fisheries related industry is not that strong both at home and abroad, the present study drew projects eligible for preferential support. For this purpose, the study made definitions and classification of associated industries given special classification system of the fisheries industry, while analyzing comparative advantage index utilizing trade data. In addition, it carried out IPA analysis and index analysis based on consultation with experts to suggest promotion strategies of the equipment industry.
- Above all, the basic directions of Korea’s fisheries related industry are 90% of localization rate for equipment and 10% of global market share. These goals can be established under the vision of simultaneous growth of domestic demand and export, while becoming a leading country in the global fisheries related industries. To achieve these goals and visions, basic directions are set for three industrial areas of infrastructure, products and networks respectively.
- There are short-, mid-, and long-term plans for promoting the fisheries related industries; the short term plan is to restructure the infrastructure for industrialization; the mid-term plan is to localize fishery equipment, and the long-term plan is to raise the national competitiveness of exports.
- The study presents measures to promote individual sectors of the industry as follows; the aquaculture equipment industry aims to promote domestic demand first and export later; the seafood processing equipment industry promotes a simultaneous growth of domestic demand and export and the fishing equipment industry should focus its growth on the export market. Through IPA analysis, it also suggested strategic products that should be promoted first.


이전글, 다음글 읽기
이전글 A Policy Study on Fishing Communities in preparation for the Era of Population Extinction
다음글 A Study on the Development of KMI-Fishereis Outlook and Simulation Model(FOSiM((1/2) - Focused on Aquaculture Forecasting Model -