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Research Project Report 상세보기
Strategies for Eco-friendly Utilization and Industrialization of Fishery By-products
Report No. 2013-13 Research Manager Lee Jung Sam
File


Strategies for Eco-friendly Utilization and Industrialization of Fishery By-products


1. Purpose
○ The study aims to understand generation of fishery by-products and their treatment and analyze domestic and international cases in their regulations and institutions. Based on the analysis on good practices, it prepared direction and detailed strategies for eco-friendly utilization of fishery by-products and their industrialization as an industry with high-added value.
-Firstly, the study comprehended the current condition for fishery by-products generation and their treatment. It also identified environmental impacts and other problems involving the treatment. 
-Currently, fishery by-products are under-utilized or discarded. The study analyzed domestic or international best practices and proposed institutions or systems in which such fishery by-products were reused eco-friendly or developed as a type of resource with high added value.


2. Methodologies and Feature
1) Methodologies
○ To carry out literature and statistics analyses, field investigations (domestic or international), joint research and consultation with domestic and international experts
○ Literature analyses were conducted on preceding studies, relevant reports and policy materials. 
○ For domestic field investigations, researchers visited Busan, Tongyong and metropolitan areas which created the bulk of fishery by-products. They collected statistics data, assessed the actual condition, and listened to people concerned.   
○ For international field investigations, researchers visited Saitama prefecture and Hokkaido (Japan) which were gearing up for eco-friendly utilization of fishery by-products and their industrialization. They analyzed relevant policies and movements of the Japanese fisheries industry.
○ The study interviewed international and domestic experts in the field to explore problems and improvements of fishery byproduct industrialization.
○In order to draw implications, it conducted joint research with the National Research Institute for Fisheries Science (Japan) and Gyeongsang National University (Korea) on treatment of fishery by-products in Japan, cases of their eco-friendly utilization, treatment of shellfish byproduct in Korea and resource recovery cases. 

2) Feature
○ Fishery by-products have not been defined so far and few studies were conducted on generation and treatment of by-products out of the whole fisheries.
○ Therefore, this study defined fishery by-products and proposed their types and scope. It was not limited to certain fishery by-products in certain areas but analyzed generation and treatment of the whole fishery by-products in Korea.
○ After analyzing the actual condition, it benchmarked best practices of eco-friendly utilization or industrialization of fishery by-products in Korea and other countries. Based on the result, it presented the basic direction and detailed strategies for the purposes.


3. Results
1) Summary
○ After defining fishery by-products and establishing their scope, the study identified problems of fishery by-products generation and their treatment. 
- According to the definition, an estimated 800,000 ~ 1,200,000 tons of fishery by-products are being generated every year.
-The by-products generated at processing facilities or large seafood restaurants are processed and used as fish meal or feed. However, those from small restaurants or households are dumped as food waste.
-Inadequate treatment of fishery by-products spoils urban landscape, creates odor and incubates pest.
-Oyster shells are recycled as fertilizers but they are often neglected or illegally dumped into the sea as their amount is increasing.
○ The study analyzed domestic and international regulations, institutions and policies on fishery by-products treatment and drew implications.
-There are no domestic regulations which define fishery by-products and their treatment.
-The Waste Treatment Act is the fundamental law which regulates treatment of fishery by-products. However, since fishery by-products are subject to this act, they face many limitations in their recycling.
?In the US, materials destined for recycling are not defined as ‘wastes.’ ‘The clause of non-waste material’ holds if the materials are proven as part of production cycle and not to be discarded.
-For eco-friendly utilization and commercial use of fishery by-products, their separation from waste should be institutionalized.
○ After examining domestic and international cases in eco-friendly utilization of fishery by-products and their industrialization, the study drew implications.
-In Korea, industrialization of fish by-products (out of the whole fishery by-products) reached certain level. However, production of high quality fish meals was difficult because foreign substances were often added during collection of fish by-products and product quality management was very weak.
-Meanwhile, R&D investment was made into industrialization and eco-friendly utilization of shell fish by-products. However, research was small-sized and technology development in parts hindered comprehensive development or green technology development for the whole industry. 
-In Japan, oyster shells were categorized as ‘waste.’ However, according to guidelines by local governments, they were not defined as ‘waste’ if they were sprayed in coastal fishing grounds.
-Korea should take a heed from Japan’s cases. The government should initiate eco-friendly utilization of oyster shells and prove their effects. It needs to discuss minimization of waste and their higher recycling with the Ministry of Environment, which handles treatment of waste under the current Acts, for better environment of fishing grounds.
○ The study presented detailed strategies for eco-friendly utilization of fishery by-products and their industrialization.
-It reviewed recent environmental changes regarding fishery by-products; more seafood was being consumed and more by-products were being generated. One of major governmental projects was ‘switch to resource circulation society.’ Technological advancement and changing recognition was booting value of fishery by-products.
-The study set the national goal for fishery by-products; ‘eco-friendly utilization of fishery by-products and their development into a high value-added industry’
-The three major directions were foundation to accelerated transition into resource circulation society, minimization of waste and their eco-friendly utilization as resources, diversification of fishery by-products and their development into a high-value added industry
-Under such goal, the study suggested detailed implementation strategies for the major three directions.
-As strategies for foundation to accelerated transition into resource circulation society, the study suggested establishing legal and institutional foundation, separating fishery by-products from wastes and operating fishery by-products examination system.
-As strategies for minimization of waste and their eco-friendly utilization as resources, it proposed mandatory separation and discharge of fishery by-products, exploring demand for their eco-friendly utilization, establishing quality (freshness) management system during collection, transportation and storage of fishery by-products, improving public awareness about fishery by-products and their consumption and developing manuals on eco-friendly utilization of fishery by products and their recovery as resources.
-As strategies for technology development and their commercialization as a high-value added industry, the study suggested developing technology tailored for commercialization, strengthening industry-university cooperation system, conducting pilot projects for industrialization and cultivating social enterprises.
○ For more effective implementation of strategies for ‘eco-friendly utilization and industrialization’ the study proposed dividing policies measures into those for institutional improvement, system construction and financial support.
2) Policy contribution
○ The study helps to prepare practical policy measures which can minimize the amount of discarded fishery by-products and increase their eco-friendly utilization. 
- It analyzed possible areas for eco-friendly utilization or industrialization of fishery by-products and provided useful information in establishing policy direction for that purpose. 
○ The study results can be used as foundation material in enacting laws, decrees or ordinances on fishery byproduct recycling promotion.
3) Expected benefits
○ The study contributes to minimizing fishery by-products and effective resource use in line with governmental philosophy titled ‘resource circulation society.’
-It helps to prevent environmental pollution and minimize socioeconomic costs by discouraging simple discarding of fishery by-products which are being incinerated, ocean dumped or land filled.
-It helps to create new jobs and income sources by promoting eco-friendly utilization or high value-added industrialization of fishery by-products which are being discarded or under-used.

Research Project Report 상세보기
Strategies for Eco-friendly Utilization and Industrialization of Fishery By-products
Report No. 2013-13 Research Manager Lee Jung Sam
File


Strategies for Eco-friendly Utilization and Industrialization of Fishery By-products


1. Purpose
○ The study aims to understand generation of fishery by-products and their treatment and analyze domestic and international cases in their regulations and institutions. Based on the analysis on good practices, it prepared direction and detailed strategies for eco-friendly utilization of fishery by-products and their industrialization as an industry with high-added value.
-Firstly, the study comprehended the current condition for fishery by-products generation and their treatment. It also identified environmental impacts and other problems involving the treatment. 
-Currently, fishery by-products are under-utilized or discarded. The study analyzed domestic or international best practices and proposed institutions or systems in which such fishery by-products were reused eco-friendly or developed as a type of resource with high added value.


2. Methodologies and Feature
1) Methodologies
○ To carry out literature and statistics analyses, field investigations (domestic or international), joint research and consultation with domestic and international experts
○ Literature analyses were conducted on preceding studies, relevant reports and policy materials. 
○ For domestic field investigations, researchers visited Busan, Tongyong and metropolitan areas which created the bulk of fishery by-products. They collected statistics data, assessed the actual condition, and listened to people concerned.   
○ For international field investigations, researchers visited Saitama prefecture and Hokkaido (Japan) which were gearing up for eco-friendly utilization of fishery by-products and their industrialization. They analyzed relevant policies and movements of the Japanese fisheries industry.
○ The study interviewed international and domestic experts in the field to explore problems and improvements of fishery byproduct industrialization.
○In order to draw implications, it conducted joint research with the National Research Institute for Fisheries Science (Japan) and Gyeongsang National University (Korea) on treatment of fishery by-products in Japan, cases of their eco-friendly utilization, treatment of shellfish byproduct in Korea and resource recovery cases. 

2) Feature
○ Fishery by-products have not been defined so far and few studies were conducted on generation and treatment of by-products out of the whole fisheries.
○ Therefore, this study defined fishery by-products and proposed their types and scope. It was not limited to certain fishery by-products in certain areas but analyzed generation and treatment of the whole fishery by-products in Korea.
○ After analyzing the actual condition, it benchmarked best practices of eco-friendly utilization or industrialization of fishery by-products in Korea and other countries. Based on the result, it presented the basic direction and detailed strategies for the purposes.


3. Results
1) Summary
○ After defining fishery by-products and establishing their scope, the study identified problems of fishery by-products generation and their treatment. 
- According to the definition, an estimated 800,000 ~ 1,200,000 tons of fishery by-products are being generated every year.
-The by-products generated at processing facilities or large seafood restaurants are processed and used as fish meal or feed. However, those from small restaurants or households are dumped as food waste.
-Inadequate treatment of fishery by-products spoils urban landscape, creates odor and incubates pest.
-Oyster shells are recycled as fertilizers but they are often neglected or illegally dumped into the sea as their amount is increasing.
○ The study analyzed domestic and international regulations, institutions and policies on fishery by-products treatment and drew implications.
-There are no domestic regulations which define fishery by-products and their treatment.
-The Waste Treatment Act is the fundamental law which regulates treatment of fishery by-products. However, since fishery by-products are subject to this act, they face many limitations in their recycling.
?In the US, materials destined for recycling are not defined as ‘wastes.’ ‘The clause of non-waste material’ holds if the materials are proven as part of production cycle and not to be discarded.
-For eco-friendly utilization and commercial use of fishery by-products, their separation from waste should be institutionalized.
○ After examining domestic and international cases in eco-friendly utilization of fishery by-products and their industrialization, the study drew implications.
-In Korea, industrialization of fish by-products (out of the whole fishery by-products) reached certain level. However, production of high quality fish meals was difficult because foreign substances were often added during collection of fish by-products and product quality management was very weak.
-Meanwhile, R&D investment was made into industrialization and eco-friendly utilization of shell fish by-products. However, research was small-sized and technology development in parts hindered comprehensive development or green technology development for the whole industry. 
-In Japan, oyster shells were categorized as ‘waste.’ However, according to guidelines by local governments, they were not defined as ‘waste’ if they were sprayed in coastal fishing grounds.
-Korea should take a heed from Japan’s cases. The government should initiate eco-friendly utilization of oyster shells and prove their effects. It needs to discuss minimization of waste and their higher recycling with the Ministry of Environment, which handles treatment of waste under the current Acts, for better environment of fishing grounds.
○ The study presented detailed strategies for eco-friendly utilization of fishery by-products and their industrialization.
-It reviewed recent environmental changes regarding fishery by-products; more seafood was being consumed and more by-products were being generated. One of major governmental projects was ‘switch to resource circulation society.’ Technological advancement and changing recognition was booting value of fishery by-products.
-The study set the national goal for fishery by-products; ‘eco-friendly utilization of fishery by-products and their development into a high value-added industry’
-The three major directions were foundation to accelerated transition into resource circulation society, minimization of waste and their eco-friendly utilization as resources, diversification of fishery by-products and their development into a high-value added industry
-Under such goal, the study suggested detailed implementation strategies for the major three directions.
-As strategies for foundation to accelerated transition into resource circulation society, the study suggested establishing legal and institutional foundation, separating fishery by-products from wastes and operating fishery by-products examination system.
-As strategies for minimization of waste and their eco-friendly utilization as resources, it proposed mandatory separation and discharge of fishery by-products, exploring demand for their eco-friendly utilization, establishing quality (freshness) management system during collection, transportation and storage of fishery by-products, improving public awareness about fishery by-products and their consumption and developing manuals on eco-friendly utilization of fishery by products and their recovery as resources.
-As strategies for technology development and their commercialization as a high-value added industry, the study suggested developing technology tailored for commercialization, strengthening industry-university cooperation system, conducting pilot projects for industrialization and cultivating social enterprises.
○ For more effective implementation of strategies for ‘eco-friendly utilization and industrialization’ the study proposed dividing policies measures into those for institutional improvement, system construction and financial support.
2) Policy contribution
○ The study helps to prepare practical policy measures which can minimize the amount of discarded fishery by-products and increase their eco-friendly utilization. 
- It analyzed possible areas for eco-friendly utilization or industrialization of fishery by-products and provided useful information in establishing policy direction for that purpose. 
○ The study results can be used as foundation material in enacting laws, decrees or ordinances on fishery byproduct recycling promotion.
3) Expected benefits
○ The study contributes to minimizing fishery by-products and effective resource use in line with governmental philosophy titled ‘resource circulation society.’
-It helps to prevent environmental pollution and minimize socioeconomic costs by discouraging simple discarding of fishery by-products which are being incinerated, ocean dumped or land filled.
-It helps to create new jobs and income sources by promoting eco-friendly utilization or high value-added industrialization of fishery by-products which are being discarded or under-used.

이전글, 다음글 읽기
이전글 A Study on Industrial Structural Characteristics of Ocean Fisheries and Industrial Policies
다음글 Current State of Seafood Restaurant Industry and Development Direction