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Research Project Report

Research Project Report 상세보기
A Study on Environmental Improvements of Aquaculture Farms
Report No. 2018-08 Research Manager Chang Mo, Ma
File

▸ Despite the growth of Korea’s aquaculture industry, the environment of aquaculture farms is worsening. However, solutions are limited to the environmental assessment of fishing grounds, measures following the result of the assessment and the obligation of cleaning fishing grounds
- In particular, closely concentrated coastal fishing grounds are difficult to verify the cause of pollution, which results in “The Tragedy of the Public Land”.
- At present, practical measures are not properly implemented to improve the environment of aquaculture farms.
▸ Under the Fishing Ground Management Act, various assistance projects and research projects are underway to improve the environment of aquaculture farms in Korea.
- Assistance projects relevant to the environmental management of aquaculture farms include as follows; supporting the distribution of eco-friendly buoy, supporting the rearrangement of aquaculture farms, management of aquaculture farms (purifying aquaculture farms), supporting environmental friendly formula feed and recycling byproducts of seaweed.
- Research projects relevant to the environmental management of aquaculture farms are carried out as follows; environmental assessment of aquaculture farms, investigating methods and cycle of cleaning aquaculture farms, studying the sustainable production capacity of aquaculture farms, verifying the effects of improving aquaculture facilities, advancing the quality certification system for fishing buoy, studying the recovery capacity of environment for fishing grounds and the operation of real-time monitoring system of hypoxia.
▸ The study looked into Norway and Japan, which are advanced countries in the aquaculture industry for studying foreign cases of improving the environment of aquaculture farms.
- Norway introduced the MOM system which enables the tracking of the whole aquaculture process. Having established Marine Eco-label (MEL) Council, Japan has made its own certification system for social responsibility of the aquaculture industry, health and welfare of aquaculture animals, food safety and environmental preservation and others.
▸ A consumer awareness survey on the environment and environmental improvement of aquaculture farms showed that aquaculture farms hold value for protection and preservation as an environmental commodity. In addition, consumers are aware of the environmental value of coasts along with the economic value generated from them
- When estimating the plural value of aquaculture farms, an aquaculture household is able to spend 12,315 won each year for 5 years. When this figure is converted into the unit of a nation, it could generate a total of approximately 1 trillion 80 billion won for 5 years.
- In other words, the government’s investment for protecting coastal fishing grounds can be the estimated amount of maximum WTP (Willingness to Pay).
▸ Based on the results mentioned above, the present suggests the following six implementation measures that the government should carry out;
- (1) adopting the direct payment system for improving the environment of aquaculture farms, (2) setting up certification standards for improving the aquaculture environment, (3) vitalizing the Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture, (4) establishing and strengthening regulations for the management and accountability of pollution sources, (5) establishing a dedicated organization for managing the environment of aquaculture farms and (6) creating and operating an environmental improvement program that consumers are able to participate.
▸ In order to bring substantial results in improving the environment of aquaculture farms, it is necessary to continue seeking for realistic measures to fundamentally address pollution. For this purpose, the study makes the following three policy suggestions;
- (1) introducing various direct payment systems to improve the environment of aquaculture farms, (2) improving the environment through third sector partnerships and (3) changing the current principal agent of environmental assessment of fishing grounds.

Research Project Report 상세보기
A Study on Environmental Improvements of Aquaculture Farms
Report No. 2018-08 Research Manager Chang Mo, Ma
File

▸ Despite the growth of Korea’s aquaculture industry, the environment of aquaculture farms is worsening. However, solutions are limited to the environmental assessment of fishing grounds, measures following the result of the assessment and the obligation of cleaning fishing grounds
- In particular, closely concentrated coastal fishing grounds are difficult to verify the cause of pollution, which results in “The Tragedy of the Public Land”.
- At present, practical measures are not properly implemented to improve the environment of aquaculture farms.
▸ Under the Fishing Ground Management Act, various assistance projects and research projects are underway to improve the environment of aquaculture farms in Korea.
- Assistance projects relevant to the environmental management of aquaculture farms include as follows; supporting the distribution of eco-friendly buoy, supporting the rearrangement of aquaculture farms, management of aquaculture farms (purifying aquaculture farms), supporting environmental friendly formula feed and recycling byproducts of seaweed.
- Research projects relevant to the environmental management of aquaculture farms are carried out as follows; environmental assessment of aquaculture farms, investigating methods and cycle of cleaning aquaculture farms, studying the sustainable production capacity of aquaculture farms, verifying the effects of improving aquaculture facilities, advancing the quality certification system for fishing buoy, studying the recovery capacity of environment for fishing grounds and the operation of real-time monitoring system of hypoxia.
▸ The study looked into Norway and Japan, which are advanced countries in the aquaculture industry for studying foreign cases of improving the environment of aquaculture farms.
- Norway introduced the MOM system which enables the tracking of the whole aquaculture process. Having established Marine Eco-label (MEL) Council, Japan has made its own certification system for social responsibility of the aquaculture industry, health and welfare of aquaculture animals, food safety and environmental preservation and others.
▸ A consumer awareness survey on the environment and environmental improvement of aquaculture farms showed that aquaculture farms hold value for protection and preservation as an environmental commodity. In addition, consumers are aware of the environmental value of coasts along with the economic value generated from them
- When estimating the plural value of aquaculture farms, an aquaculture household is able to spend 12,315 won each year for 5 years. When this figure is converted into the unit of a nation, it could generate a total of approximately 1 trillion 80 billion won for 5 years.
- In other words, the government’s investment for protecting coastal fishing grounds can be the estimated amount of maximum WTP (Willingness to Pay).
▸ Based on the results mentioned above, the present suggests the following six implementation measures that the government should carry out;
- (1) adopting the direct payment system for improving the environment of aquaculture farms, (2) setting up certification standards for improving the aquaculture environment, (3) vitalizing the Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture, (4) establishing and strengthening regulations for the management and accountability of pollution sources, (5) establishing a dedicated organization for managing the environment of aquaculture farms and (6) creating and operating an environmental improvement program that consumers are able to participate.
▸ In order to bring substantial results in improving the environment of aquaculture farms, it is necessary to continue seeking for realistic measures to fundamentally address pollution. For this purpose, the study makes the following three policy suggestions;
- (1) introducing various direct payment systems to improve the environment of aquaculture farms, (2) improving the environment through third sector partnerships and (3) changing the current principal agent of environmental assessment of fishing grounds.

이전글, 다음글 읽기
이전글 Improvement Measures of Coastal and Offshore Fishing Permit System Corresponding to Fishing Condition Changes
다음글 A Policy Study on Fishing Communities in preparation for the Era of Population Extinction