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Research Project Report

Research Project Report 상세보기
Reform Proposal for Coastal Planning System as Adapting Low Population Growth
Report No. 2016-01 Research Manager Ji Yeon, Choi
File

Summary


During the period of high economic growth, coastal areas were used as a source of
new land through reclamation. Therefore, the functions and characteristics of coastal
space have gone through the restructuring process as existing local communities were
dismantled and more population was entered. Even now, there are many coastal zones
where such development theory of high economic growth period is still applied.
Accordingly, the structure of regional society is changing.
Coastal population accounts for 27.4% of national population. And the average
population growth per year stands at 0.78% for the recent 5 years, showing a low
growth pattern in terms of population size. More seriously, coastal regions are divided
into where population is increasing and decreasing. In particular, county level areas
located at coastal regions have already entered into super-aging society. Except for
some areas, the working age population in the coasts of Incheon, Ulsan, Gyeonggi and
Chungcheongnam-do is decreasing, shaking the foundation for regional economies. In
particular, population decline is increasingly evident in areas neighboring to old ports,
such as Busan and Ulsan coasts. Especially, population in agricultural and fishing
villages and islands continue to decrease, showing the risk of extinction with villages
with less than 10 households and regions without residents.
The coastalㆍocean planning of the UK classifies the type of regions in accordance
with socioeconomic index such as population, labor, and economy, then establishes
and operates plans proper to each type of regions. The UK separates low-growth areas
in accordance with the classification of coastal regional type, and has established
corresponding plans. The coastal planning is a comprehensive and integrated spatial
planning. Therefore, it is important to classify regional type after a thorough social and
economic analysis, and establish plans befitting to each type. The region of Malmö in
Sweden had greatly prospered owing to the development of shipbuilding industry.
However, the decline of shipbuilding industry has caused a significant outflow of
population. After that, the city designed itself focusing on people instead of industry,
and carried out a sustainable, eco-friendly development and the development of
renewable energy. Thanks to this effort, the city has successfully conducted urban
regeneration by recovering self-sustaining competency and population inflow.
The direction for restructuring coastal planning following low population growth
should depart from the development concept of existing fast-growth period. It is
important to organize ‘smarter coast’ based on the paradigm change of spatial structure
during low growth period. For this purpose, coastal planning should be established
considering sustainability, safety, amenity, friendliness and recovery. Also, it should
secure the connectivity between socioeconomic traits such as population size,
population structure, and population movement and coastal zone structure. Specific
implementation tasks for coastal planning in response to low population growth include
as follows: a smarter coastal regeneration strategy, smarter use of coastal space for
improving sharing and water friendliness value, appropriate distribution system of
coastal space and strengthening regional recovery.

Research Project Report 상세보기
Reform Proposal for Coastal Planning System as Adapting Low Population Growth
Report No. 2016-01 Research Manager Ji Yeon, Choi
File

Summary


During the period of high economic growth, coastal areas were used as a source of
new land through reclamation. Therefore, the functions and characteristics of coastal
space have gone through the restructuring process as existing local communities were
dismantled and more population was entered. Even now, there are many coastal zones
where such development theory of high economic growth period is still applied.
Accordingly, the structure of regional society is changing.
Coastal population accounts for 27.4% of national population. And the average
population growth per year stands at 0.78% for the recent 5 years, showing a low
growth pattern in terms of population size. More seriously, coastal regions are divided
into where population is increasing and decreasing. In particular, county level areas
located at coastal regions have already entered into super-aging society. Except for
some areas, the working age population in the coasts of Incheon, Ulsan, Gyeonggi and
Chungcheongnam-do is decreasing, shaking the foundation for regional economies. In
particular, population decline is increasingly evident in areas neighboring to old ports,
such as Busan and Ulsan coasts. Especially, population in agricultural and fishing
villages and islands continue to decrease, showing the risk of extinction with villages
with less than 10 households and regions without residents.
The coastalㆍocean planning of the UK classifies the type of regions in accordance
with socioeconomic index such as population, labor, and economy, then establishes
and operates plans proper to each type of regions. The UK separates low-growth areas
in accordance with the classification of coastal regional type, and has established
corresponding plans. The coastal planning is a comprehensive and integrated spatial
planning. Therefore, it is important to classify regional type after a thorough social and
economic analysis, and establish plans befitting to each type. The region of Malmö in
Sweden had greatly prospered owing to the development of shipbuilding industry.
However, the decline of shipbuilding industry has caused a significant outflow of
population. After that, the city designed itself focusing on people instead of industry,
and carried out a sustainable, eco-friendly development and the development of
renewable energy. Thanks to this effort, the city has successfully conducted urban
regeneration by recovering self-sustaining competency and population inflow.
The direction for restructuring coastal planning following low population growth
should depart from the development concept of existing fast-growth period. It is
important to organize ‘smarter coast’ based on the paradigm change of spatial structure
during low growth period. For this purpose, coastal planning should be established
considering sustainability, safety, amenity, friendliness and recovery. Also, it should
secure the connectivity between socioeconomic traits such as population size,
population structure, and population movement and coastal zone structure. Specific
implementation tasks for coastal planning in response to low population growth include
as follows: a smarter coastal regeneration strategy, smarter use of coastal space for
improving sharing and water friendliness value, appropriate distribution system of
coastal space and strengthening regional recovery.

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