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Research Project Report

Research Project Report 상세보기
A Study on Current Fisheries Distribution Laws and their Improvement Measures
Report No. 2013-15 Research Manager Kang Jong Ho
File


A Study on Current Fisheries Distribution Laws and their Improvement Measures


1. Purpose
○ The study diagnosed laws which defined fisheries distribution and reviewed possible enactment of new fisheries distribution act for better fisheries circulation in changing environment.
-It analyzed conditions and environmental changes for fisheries distribution to induce things necessary for legal system. It also reviewed procedures for enactment and revision of the Act on Distribution and Price Stabilization of Agricultural and Fishery Products and other relevant laws.
-The study evaluated new or soon to be introduced distribution facilities, businesses, their logistics function and quality/health control. It also analyzed domestic and international cases which would be reflected in the new fisheries distribution act.


2. Methodologies and Feature
1) Methodologies
○ The study collected and analyzed literature and materials on domestic and international agricultural and fisheries laws. It also referred to statistics and policy data on domestic fisheries distribution.
○ It drew implications from its analyses on legal system and changes of domestic and international fisheries distribution.
○ It conducted interviews with those in the distribution industry and held expert advisory meetings.
2) Feature
○ The focus of the study is on legal system of the Act on Distribution and Price Stabilization of Agricultural and Fishery Products. It reviews other relevant laws to enhance degree of completion.
○ The final result of the study is proposing new fisheries distribution act (tentative). If certain things cannot be addressed by the new act, the study suggests alternatives, such as improvement of the established act and its improvement direction.


3. Results
1) Summary
○ Problems of the current laws on fisheries distribution
-First, there is no policy or legal coherence due to the lack of standard laws. 
- Second, fisheries market structure and laws are incongruent.
-Third, despite a series of revisions on the Act on Distribution and Price Stabilization of Agricultural and Fishery Products, chronic problems, such as trade system, have not been addressed. It is hard to improve trade system at the current state.
-Fourth, freshness and health control is the basic principle of fisheries distribution. With exception of the Food Sanitation Act, no distribution laws regulate this principle. 
○ As direction for legal improvement for fisheries distribution, the study proposed its own laws on production area distribution of fisheries and health control. 
- It prepared the fisheries distribution master plan; the fisheries distribution development committee, foundation for establishing fisheries production area markets and details of trade system operation.
-It also prepared legal foundation on local wholesalers and suggested establishing cold chain for fisheries health control. 
- Fisheries production area markets included fisheries auction places and production area -based distribution centers. The study included phrases on consumption area fisheries logistics centers and seafood base complexes.
○ Things for improvement in the Act on Distribution and Price Stabilization of Agricultural and Fishery Products (as for intermediary wholesalers at fisheries wholesale markets)
-The study suggested changing intermediary wholesalers into market wholesalers or accepting entrusted intermediary wholesalers.
-For entrusted intermediary wholesalers, negotiated and fixed price transaction can be used. Listing is one of negotiated transaction methods and the transaction system with reserved partners can be introduced from Japan. 
- As for improvement measures, the study suggested revising requirements for listing exception items and re-aligning laws and regulations on general legal wholesale markets, such as Noryangjin fisheries wholesale market.
2) Policy contribution
○ The study prepared foundation for legal support for development of fisheries production area market.
○ It prepared responses to disputes over sales system at fisheries consumption area wholesale markets.
○ It helped to increase fisherman receipt price through better fisheries distribution.
○ It prepared legal foundation for fisheries health control and quality management.
3) Expected benefits
○ The study maximizes producer and consumer welfare by improving fisheries distribution structure.
-Better fisheries distribution structure contributes to enhancing fisheries added value, while pushing down consumer prices.
-It enhances producers’ market power and bargaining power, while reducing sales costs and increasing receipt price.
○ The study helps to improve consumer satisfaction through better fisheries quality and health control.
-It prepares foundation to provide fisheries with better quality and freshness, increasing consumer satisfaction with fisheries.

Research Project Report 상세보기
A Study on Current Fisheries Distribution Laws and their Improvement Measures
Report No. 2013-15 Research Manager Kang Jong Ho
File


A Study on Current Fisheries Distribution Laws and their Improvement Measures


1. Purpose
○ The study diagnosed laws which defined fisheries distribution and reviewed possible enactment of new fisheries distribution act for better fisheries circulation in changing environment.
-It analyzed conditions and environmental changes for fisheries distribution to induce things necessary for legal system. It also reviewed procedures for enactment and revision of the Act on Distribution and Price Stabilization of Agricultural and Fishery Products and other relevant laws.
-The study evaluated new or soon to be introduced distribution facilities, businesses, their logistics function and quality/health control. It also analyzed domestic and international cases which would be reflected in the new fisheries distribution act.


2. Methodologies and Feature
1) Methodologies
○ The study collected and analyzed literature and materials on domestic and international agricultural and fisheries laws. It also referred to statistics and policy data on domestic fisheries distribution.
○ It drew implications from its analyses on legal system and changes of domestic and international fisheries distribution.
○ It conducted interviews with those in the distribution industry and held expert advisory meetings.
2) Feature
○ The focus of the study is on legal system of the Act on Distribution and Price Stabilization of Agricultural and Fishery Products. It reviews other relevant laws to enhance degree of completion.
○ The final result of the study is proposing new fisheries distribution act (tentative). If certain things cannot be addressed by the new act, the study suggests alternatives, such as improvement of the established act and its improvement direction.


3. Results
1) Summary
○ Problems of the current laws on fisheries distribution
-First, there is no policy or legal coherence due to the lack of standard laws. 
- Second, fisheries market structure and laws are incongruent.
-Third, despite a series of revisions on the Act on Distribution and Price Stabilization of Agricultural and Fishery Products, chronic problems, such as trade system, have not been addressed. It is hard to improve trade system at the current state.
-Fourth, freshness and health control is the basic principle of fisheries distribution. With exception of the Food Sanitation Act, no distribution laws regulate this principle. 
○ As direction for legal improvement for fisheries distribution, the study proposed its own laws on production area distribution of fisheries and health control. 
- It prepared the fisheries distribution master plan; the fisheries distribution development committee, foundation for establishing fisheries production area markets and details of trade system operation.
-It also prepared legal foundation on local wholesalers and suggested establishing cold chain for fisheries health control. 
- Fisheries production area markets included fisheries auction places and production area -based distribution centers. The study included phrases on consumption area fisheries logistics centers and seafood base complexes.
○ Things for improvement in the Act on Distribution and Price Stabilization of Agricultural and Fishery Products (as for intermediary wholesalers at fisheries wholesale markets)
-The study suggested changing intermediary wholesalers into market wholesalers or accepting entrusted intermediary wholesalers.
-For entrusted intermediary wholesalers, negotiated and fixed price transaction can be used. Listing is one of negotiated transaction methods and the transaction system with reserved partners can be introduced from Japan. 
- As for improvement measures, the study suggested revising requirements for listing exception items and re-aligning laws and regulations on general legal wholesale markets, such as Noryangjin fisheries wholesale market.
2) Policy contribution
○ The study prepared foundation for legal support for development of fisheries production area market.
○ It prepared responses to disputes over sales system at fisheries consumption area wholesale markets.
○ It helped to increase fisherman receipt price through better fisheries distribution.
○ It prepared legal foundation for fisheries health control and quality management.
3) Expected benefits
○ The study maximizes producer and consumer welfare by improving fisheries distribution structure.
-Better fisheries distribution structure contributes to enhancing fisheries added value, while pushing down consumer prices.
-It enhances producers’ market power and bargaining power, while reducing sales costs and increasing receipt price.
○ The study helps to improve consumer satisfaction through better fisheries quality and health control.
-It prepares foundation to provide fisheries with better quality and freshness, increasing consumer satisfaction with fisheries.

이전글, 다음글 읽기
이전글 A Study on Policy Direction for Better Welfare of Fishermen in Super Aged Society
다음글 A Study on Industrial Structural Characteristics of Ocean Fisheries and Industrial Policies