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Research Project Report

Research Project Report 상세보기
A Study on the Career Development and Capacity Building for Seafarers of Coastal Passenger Ships
Report No. 2015-07 Research Manager Jin Hoi, Hwang
File

Research Member : Sung Hwa, Park  / Woo Hyeon, Jeon

Summary

○ The job of seafarer is very distinctive since it requires spending much of the working hours on the sea. Therefore, it is necessary to have special training and education to become a seafarer. However, the education and training for seafarers working on coastal passenger ships are not sufficient with lack of education for transferring to officer or another job.

○ The seafarers on coastal passenger ships should provide customer (passenger) service compared to those working at general cargo ships. And safety management is their top priority. However, the study found that the seafarers in coastal passenger ships in Korea have poor working environment than those working in other type of ships, such as low wage and difficulties in taking holidays. This led to the extreme shortage of young and middle aged seafarers, with old aged group taking up the majority, preventing the seafarers of coastal passenger ships from transferring their maritime knowledge.

○ The following is the survey result on seafarers of coastal passenger ships

- According to the survey on the seafarers of coastal passenger ships, 70% of respondents were recognized for their working experience and obtained marine officer license. However, those completed a specialized education institution and chose to become a seafarer remain about 30%.
- There are stark differences in working conditions of seafarers such as average monthly pay and holiday. As for the seafarers whose average monthly pay is higher than KRW 5 million, 56.3% take regular holidays. In contrast, those who take regular holidays among the seafarers with average monthly pay ranging KRW 1.50~1.99 million stands at a mere 12.5%. In addition, those who do not receive monetary compensation in exchange for not taking holidays including regular ones stand at 25%.
- The seafarers of coastal passenger ships are not different to other jobs since enhanced job specialty and higher wage have a positive impact to maintain long-term service on board the ship.
- The seafarers of coastal passenger ships are rarely coming from outside of the industry, and existing seafarers are highly likely to return on board. This represents a closed characteristic of seafarer job in coastal passenger ships.
- There is a difference between core capacity required for the job and performing capacity.

○ The policy targeting seafarers of coastal passenger ships aims to create a stable working environment and secure the seafarers qualified for their jobs.

- In order to achieve this goal, it is necessary to increase the competitiveness of coastal passenger shipping industry and realize the economies of scale. Also, it is important to revamp training and supply system for the seafarers of coastal passenger ships and enhance their education system. In addition, the seafarers’ welfare should be expanded while the management and supervision on their work should be strengthened.

○ The supply system of seafarers of coastal passenger ships can be improved by ① expanding the quota of national marine officers, ② introducing the manpower pool system for seafarers and increasing the ratio of reserved crews.

○ It is necessary to revamp the training system for the seafarers of coastal passenger ships and introduce a career development program to strengthen the seafarers’ capacity building and career development.

- For this, it is necessary to carry out as follows; ① conducting maritime education and training considering the characteristics of seafarers of coastal passenger ships, ② strengthening the practical education and establishing the quality assessment system for maritime education, ③ strengthening the maritime education in maritime high schools and increasing their employment rate, and ④ operating seafarers’ career development programs.

○ Specific plans for strengthening the management and supervision on seafarers’ work include ① securing training and welfare budget for the seafarers and ② improving the system for enhancing the seafarers’ welfare and support measures.

  

Research Project Report 상세보기
A Study on the Career Development and Capacity Building for Seafarers of Coastal Passenger Ships
Report No. 2015-07 Research Manager Jin Hoi, Hwang
File

Research Member : Sung Hwa, Park  / Woo Hyeon, Jeon

Summary

○ The job of seafarer is very distinctive since it requires spending much of the working hours on the sea. Therefore, it is necessary to have special training and education to become a seafarer. However, the education and training for seafarers working on coastal passenger ships are not sufficient with lack of education for transferring to officer or another job.

○ The seafarers on coastal passenger ships should provide customer (passenger) service compared to those working at general cargo ships. And safety management is their top priority. However, the study found that the seafarers in coastal passenger ships in Korea have poor working environment than those working in other type of ships, such as low wage and difficulties in taking holidays. This led to the extreme shortage of young and middle aged seafarers, with old aged group taking up the majority, preventing the seafarers of coastal passenger ships from transferring their maritime knowledge.

○ The following is the survey result on seafarers of coastal passenger ships

- According to the survey on the seafarers of coastal passenger ships, 70% of respondents were recognized for their working experience and obtained marine officer license. However, those completed a specialized education institution and chose to become a seafarer remain about 30%.
- There are stark differences in working conditions of seafarers such as average monthly pay and holiday. As for the seafarers whose average monthly pay is higher than KRW 5 million, 56.3% take regular holidays. In contrast, those who take regular holidays among the seafarers with average monthly pay ranging KRW 1.50~1.99 million stands at a mere 12.5%. In addition, those who do not receive monetary compensation in exchange for not taking holidays including regular ones stand at 25%.
- The seafarers of coastal passenger ships are not different to other jobs since enhanced job specialty and higher wage have a positive impact to maintain long-term service on board the ship.
- The seafarers of coastal passenger ships are rarely coming from outside of the industry, and existing seafarers are highly likely to return on board. This represents a closed characteristic of seafarer job in coastal passenger ships.
- There is a difference between core capacity required for the job and performing capacity.

○ The policy targeting seafarers of coastal passenger ships aims to create a stable working environment and secure the seafarers qualified for their jobs.

- In order to achieve this goal, it is necessary to increase the competitiveness of coastal passenger shipping industry and realize the economies of scale. Also, it is important to revamp training and supply system for the seafarers of coastal passenger ships and enhance their education system. In addition, the seafarers’ welfare should be expanded while the management and supervision on their work should be strengthened.

○ The supply system of seafarers of coastal passenger ships can be improved by ① expanding the quota of national marine officers, ② introducing the manpower pool system for seafarers and increasing the ratio of reserved crews.

○ It is necessary to revamp the training system for the seafarers of coastal passenger ships and introduce a career development program to strengthen the seafarers’ capacity building and career development.

- For this, it is necessary to carry out as follows; ① conducting maritime education and training considering the characteristics of seafarers of coastal passenger ships, ② strengthening the practical education and establishing the quality assessment system for maritime education, ③ strengthening the maritime education in maritime high schools and increasing their employment rate, and ④ operating seafarers’ career development programs.

○ Specific plans for strengthening the management and supervision on seafarers’ work include ① securing training and welfare budget for the seafarers and ② improving the system for enhancing the seafarers’ welfare and support measures.

  

이전글, 다음글 읽기
이전글 A Direction for Economic Cooperation in Fisheries Following the Launch of the ASEAN Economic Community
다음글 A Study on the Methods of Consumer-based Fisheries Resources Management